Jun 22, 2023
about 7 min read
What Is Automation Testing? An Ultimate Guide On Test Automation In 2023
In the evolving realm of software development, it is imperative for businesses to efficiently deliver top-notch applications to remain competitive. Automation testing is a vital strategy employed to achieve this goal. This approach may be an unfamiliar concept for those new to the technology market. So, what is automation testing?
Read more: Web Development: A Comprehensive Guide
Test automation is an approach to software testing that employs automated tools, frameworks, and scripts to execute test cases and ensure software applications' functionality, performance, and dependability. This blog aims to provide valuable insights into the world of test automation basics and its profound impact on the software development lifecycle.
What Is Automation Testing?
What is automation testing? To answer this question, we must first come to the definition of testing. It is the process of evaluating a system or its components. The purpose of this process is to check if the system and components have met the given criteria or not.
So basically, automation testing is a software testing method that uses tools to automate the repetitive process.
In general, digital transformation is emerging and the market is having too many choices. Customers expect their services/products to be implemented quickly. Test automation meets the most basic requirements of the test automation process. They also shorten and simplify repetitive debugging cycles. It is a big step in the software development market.
Apart from test automation, another technique used in software development is the manual technique. Often, automation testing cannot replace this traditional solution. Besides, both these techniques can be combined to optimize the complete software development process.
Read more: Detailed Comparison Between Manual Testing vs Automation Testing
Why Is Test Automation Important?
Every software product after being built by a team of developers must go through a quality assurance testing process to find errors. So it is an indispensable step in the software development life cycle (SDLC).
Before the advent of automated tests, the test automation process was largely dependent on human engineering, and so it was limited by many constraints related to time, efficiency, and coverage. Test automation was created to solve the above problems, thereby saving most of the costs for companies.
Read more: 5 Benefits of Test Automation
First, automation tests can execute a large number of test cases in a limited time frame. The execution time of test cases depends on many factors (types of testing, level of complication, etc.) but for the most part, these tests execute faster than manual ones from a few hours to several days.
High Test Coverage
For second, not only time, automated testing dominates coverage. Instead of manually testing each unit, a tester can use software code to let the computer automatically test cases with similar characteristics. During that time, testers can spend time creating other coding. Unit test coverage has increased exponentially.
Final. human ability is not stable, so its performance will also fluctuate more than its counterpart. The complete removal of the human factor from the testing process makes it easier for businesses to calculate the problems between performance and results. At the same time, the use of automation testing gives them the flexibility to arrange important personnel into more complex jobs.
When To Use Automation Testing?
Value Exceeds Cost
The first thing in any service choice is that you need to understand the real needs of the business and the greatest cost you will pay to meet those needs. Certainly, with many benefits, test automation will be more expensive than the traditional option.
You need to make sure that the value of test automation is equal to or more than the money spent. Some reflective questions can be asked such as:
- What benefits do you expect to gain from the application?
- Omit time, manpower, or efficiency?
- Essential benefit or extra benefit?
- Aside from the monetary cost, are there any opportunity costs involved?
- If you can save manpower and time, what else can be spent on these?
If these questions have been answered and you feel that applying these tests is beneficial for your enterprises, then the next step is to look at test cases that should be automated.
Sometimes some types of tests are easy, but in large numbers, using the manual method will inevitably cause time-wasting. Not only that, repetitive work negatively affects employee performance and motivation when it results in many physical ailments like repetitive strain injury (RSI) or carpal tunnel syndrome.
Thus, if some tasks need executing the same test cases repeatedly or verifying that existing functions continue to work after modifications, automation testing is the ideal option.
Parallel Test Execution
Test automation frameworks typically offer the capability of executing tests in parallel, enabling many test cases to run concurrently across various machines or threads.
When dealing with situations where the application is deployed across many servers or environments, test automation also permits the simultaneous execution of test cases on distinct instances.
This feature significantly diminishes the total time required for test execution, enhances efficiency and consistency across distributed environments, and delivers prompt feedback on the application's quality.
Types Of Automation Testing
Automated smoke tests play a crucial role in the early detection of major issues or obstacles that could hinder further deployment. Automating smoke tests enables the prompt identification of critical problems during the development cycle, empowering developers to address them swiftly. Test automation ensures that showstoppers are caught and resolved before progressing to the next phases or production stages.
Unit tests focus on isolating the most minuscule testable component of an application, like a function, method, or class. They are conducted independently, without reliance on other system parts. The primary purpose of unit testing is to promptly detect defects, errors, or bugs during the early stages of development, allowing for their swift identification and resolution before they impact other system components.
When code modifications or new features are introduced, unit tests can be automatically re-executed to verify the integrity of existing functionality. This safeguards against regression problems and maintains the stability of the codebase.
Integration testing aims to confirm the correct integration and interaction among various software components or modules. Its primary focus is on ensuring the seamless flow of data and interfaces between many components.
As software systems become more complex, the number of potential interactions multiplies, making manual one impractical and time-consuming. Automation testing offers a solution by enabling the efficient execution of a large number of test cases, allowing for scalability in testing efforts.
In iterative development cycles or when introducing new features, acceptance tests often need frequent execution. Automation testing provides the ability to consistently and repeatedly perform acceptance tests, ensuring that the same test cases are executed consistently across various iterations or releases.
Moreover, automation testing facilitates the continuous integration of acceptance tests into the CI/CD pipeline. By automating acceptance tests, they can be automatically triggered after code changes are deployed, offering immediate feedback on whether the automated test systems fulfill the desired acceptance criteria.
APIs typically consist of numerous endpoints, parameters, and data combinations that necessitate thorough testing. The manual technique of each possible scenario would be laborious, prone to errors, and impractical, particularly as the API complexity increases. Automation testing enables comprehensive coverage of API functionalities, ensuring that all distinct combinations and edge cases are thoroughly tested.
APIs are built to handle a substantial influx of requests, and automated software testing can swiftly generate and execute a large number of API calls. This rapidity and efficiency enable frequent iterations, prompt feedback, and shorter time-to-market.
Security test entails evaluating an application or system to identify vulnerabilities, weaknesses, and potential security risks. It typically involves testing against various attack vectors, including known security vulnerabilities, common attack patterns, and misuse scenarios. Conducting manual tests for all these possibilities would be time-consuming and susceptible to human error. Test automation enables thorough coverage by efficiently and consistently executing a multitude of security tests.
Automated security tests can simulate realistic attack scenarios, making them more valuable for detecting vulnerabilities. Automation testing tools can utilize known attack patterns, security frameworks, or vulnerability databases to replicate the actions of malicious actors.
Load testing evaluates how a system performs and behaves under anticipated and peak workloads. To effectively mimic a substantial number of simultaneous users, automated load testing tools can generate and execute multiple requests concurrently.
Furthermore, automated tools capture comprehensive performance metrics such as response times, throughput, resource utilization, and error rates. These metrics are instrumental in identifying performance bottlenecks, system limitations, or areas that require optimization. A test tool can present the performance data in graphical formats and provide analysis, facilitating easier interpretation and the identification of performance-related issues.
Automation testing is essential for GUI (Graphical User Interface) tests as they involve interacting with an application's user interface to verify its functionality and behavior. Manual execution of GUI tests can be tedious and repetitive, especially when dealing with numerous screens, input fields, and interactions. Automation testing enables the swift and efficient execution of GUI tests, saving valuable time and effort.
Additionally, GUI automation tools facilitate cross-browser and cross-platform testing. They enable the execution of GUI tests across various web browsers (such as Chrome, Firefox, and Safari) or platforms (such as Windows, macOS, and Linux). Automation testing ensures consistent application performance across different environments, enhancing the overall user experience.
Testing mobile applications across various devices with different screen sizes, operating systems, and hardware configurations is crucial. However, manually testing on every possible device is both time-consuming and impractical. Automation testing offers an efficient solution by enabling simultaneous testing across multiple devices, ensuring comprehensive coverage and compatibility.
Golden Owl Consulting - Custom Test Automation
Golden Owl Consulting stands as the premier IT outsourcing firm in Southeast Asia, boasting a substantial presence across six branches worldwide. From the UK and Singapore to Vietnam, Australia, the US, and Norway, our company offers an extensive suite of IT services and solutions to clients spanning the globe.
Recognizing the pivotal significance of automation testing in the modern, fast-paced, and fiercely competitive digital realm, Golden Owl Company is dedicated to delivering exceptional expertise and employing cutting-edge methodologies. Our ultimate objective revolves around streamlining your procedures, maximizing resource utilization, and enhancing the overall efficiency of software delivery.
Why Choose Golden Owl Company for Automated Testing?
Experienced Experts: Our team comprises skilled professionals in test automation who possess extensive expertise in industry-standard automation testing tools and methodologies.
Tailored Solutions: We recognize the unique nature of every business and customize our automation solutions to align precisely with your specific requirements and goals.
Savings in Cost and Time: Automation testing drastically reduces manual effort and testing cycles, leading to large cost and time savings in the long term.
Enhanced Quality: Through the automation of repetitive and time-consuming tasks, we ensure consistent and comprehensive test coverage, resulting in superior software quality.
Accelerated Time-to-Market: Our services hurry the software development lifecycle, allowing you to swiftly bring your products to market.
Explore our clients' portfolios for a more comprehensive understanding of our capabilities.
This informative article provides comprehensive insights into the question “What is automation testing?” for individuals who are currently learning or have an interest in this prominent approach.
Test automation has revolutionized the software development landscape. It empowers organizations to achieve heightened efficiency, faster time-to-market, and enhanced software quality. By embracing this solution and adopting industry best practices, businesses can optimize their testing endeavors, cut manual effort, and ensure consistent and dependable outcomes.
In our forthcoming blog posts, we will delve deeper into various automation testing methodologies. Next, we will explore different types of automation tests. And finally, we offer practical implementation tips. Stay connected to unlock its full potential and elevate your software development processes to new levels of efficiency and excellence.